Picture of Vimal Desai

Vimal Desai

Radiation Oncology Physics Resident

Department of Human Oncology


PhD, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Medical Physics (2019)

MS, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Medical Physics (2015)

BS, University of Virginia, Mechanical Engineering (2013)

BA, University of Virginia, Physics (2013)

Selected Honors and Awards

North Central Chapter of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine Young Investigators Competition, 2nd place (2017)

North Central Chapter of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine Young Investigators Competition, 3rd place (2016)

  • VMAT and IMRT plan-specific correction factors for linac-based ionization chamber dosimetry. Med Phys
    Desai VK, Labby ZE, Hyun MA, DeWerd LA, Culberson WS
    2019 Feb; 46 (2): 913-924
    • More

      PURPOSE: The determination of absorbed dose to water from external beam radiotherapy using radiation detectors is currently rooted in calibration protocols that do not account for modulations encountered in patient-specific deliveries. Detector response in composite clinical fields has not been extensively studied due to the time and effort required to determine these corrections on a case-by-case basis. To help bridge this gap in knowledge, corrections for the Exradin A1SL scanning chamber were determined in a large number of composite clinical fields using Monte Carlo methods. The chamber-specific perturbations that contribute the most to the overall correction factor were also determined.

      METHODS: A total of 131 patient deliveries comprised of 834 beams from a Varian C-arm linear accelerator were converted to EGSnrc Monte Carlo inputs. A validated BEAMnrc 21EX linear accelerator model was used as a particle source throughout the EGSnrc simulations. Composite field dose distributions were compared against a commercial treatment planning system for validation. The simulation geometry consisted of a cylindrically symmetric water-equivalent phantom with the Exradin A1SL scanning chamber embedded inside. Various chamber perturbation factors were investigated in the egs_chamber user code of EGSnrc and were compared to reference field conditions to determine the plan-specific correction factor.

      RESULTS: The simulation results indicated that the Exradin A1SL scanning chamber is suitable to use as an absolute dosimeter within a high-dose and low-gradient target region in most nonstandard composite fields; however, there are still individual cases that require larger delivery-specific corrections. The volume averaging and replacement perturbations showed the largest impact on the overall plan-specific correction factor for the Exradin A1SL scanning chamber, and both volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and step-and-shoot beams demonstrated similar correction factor magnitudes among the data investigated. Total correction magnitudes greater than 2% were required by 9.1% of step-and-shoot beams and 14.5% of VMAT beams. When examining full composite plan deliveries as opposed to individual beams, 0.0% of composite step-and-shoot plans and 2.6% of composite VMAT plans required correction magnitudes greater than 2%.

      CONCLUSIONS: The A1SL scanning chamber was found to be suitable to use for absolute dosimetry in high-dose and low-gradient dose regions of composite IMRT plans but even if a composite dose distribution is large compared to the detector used, a correction-free absorbed dose-to-water measurement is not guaranteed.

      View details for PubMedID 30449040

Contact Information

Vimal Desai, PhD

600 Highland Avenue, K4/B100,
Madison, WI 53792