Program Structure

blue calendar iconOur two-year residency program features numerous well-defined rotations to ensure a complete, high-quality training curriculum for our physics residents. Additionally, we integrate our residents into all facets of clinical practice. Explore the specifics of our program structure below.

Former DHO professor, Edward Bender, inserting a cone collimator into the old radiosurgery floor stand.

Clinical Rotations

This is an accordion element with a series of buttons that open and close related content panels.

Orientation (0.5 mo)

During the orientation, the resident will shadow the various groups in the department, including dosimetrists, treatment therapists, simulation therapists, oncologists, and physicists. The resident will be exposed to the treatment and planning systems in the department, and will participate in numerous discussions on clinical medical physics with the program faculty.

Mentor: Abby Besemer
Abigail Besemer portrait

Linac Operation and QA (1.5 mo)

The Linac Operation and Quality Assurance rotation is designed to introduce the resident to a typical “c-arm” treatment delivery system, e.g., the Varian TrueBeam platform. The resident will learn about the therapeutic beam production and shaping aspects of the system, along with the potential failure modes of the system. The resident will learn and perform national and departmental standards for periodic and post-repair quality assurance testing.

Mentors: Alison Arnold and Jordan Slagowski

portrait of Alison Arnold, DHO staff physicist

Portrait of Jordan Slagowski

Basic Treatment Planning (2 mo)

During the basic treatment planning rotation, residents will learn treatment planning techniques for 2D and 3D conformal radiation therapy for a wide variety of treatment sites. Residents will also learn the physics of treatment planning and dose calculation to help further their understanding of the treatment planning process. Finally, residents will participate in CT simulation, treatment planning and plan review for UWHealth patients.

Mentors:  Dustin Jacqmin and Gemma Davies

Dustin Jacqmin, PhD

Portrait of Gemma Davies

Detectors and Measurement Systems (1.5 mo)

During the Detectors and Measurement Systems rotation, residents will learn about the available devices used to measure radiation in the field of radiation oncology. The rotation will cover the functionality and application of each device. Residents will also be given the opportunity to learn about dosimeter calibrations from the University of Wisconsin Accredited Dosimetry Calibration Laboratory.

Mentor:  Jessica Miller

Jessica Miller headshot

Brachytherapy (3 mo)

During the brachytherapy rotation, residents will learn the procedures, quality assurance and regulations for all brachytherapy procedures performed at the University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics. Residents will be able to create clinical treatment plans for high dose rate and low dose rate applications. After the completion of this rotation, the resident should have the skills and knowledge necessary to be able to create a safe, efficient and effective clinical brachytherapy program at another institution.

Mentor: Charles Wallace

Charles Wallace, MS

Advanced Treatment Planning (2 mo)

During this rotation, the resident builds upon the expertise gained during the Basic Treatment Planning rotation by extending focus to IMRT, VMAT, and TomoTherapy treatment plan design. Additionally, the resident learns about IMRT QA program management, modern treatment plan optimization strategies, and updated clinical treatment planning goals and constraints.

Mentor:  Adam Bayliss and Patrick Hill

Adam Bayliss headshot

Patrick Hill, PhD

Imaging and Image Registration (1.5 mo)

The Imaging and Image Registration rotation is focused on understanding the physics behind the imaging techniques commonly used for Radiation Oncology patients, as well as understanding the applications of these images, both during treatment planning and treatment delivery. Image acquisition, image processing, image quality, and image registration and fusion are covered for common modalities such as 2D projection images, CT, MR, Ultrasound, PET, and non-ionizing imaging techniques.

Mentor: Michael Lawless

Michael Lawless, PhD

Radiosurgery (2 mo)

On the stereotactic radiosurgery rotation, residents will learn about available treatment techniques used in the delivery of high dose-per-fraction, highly conformal radiation plans. Residents will also learn about appropriate procedures in the commissioning of small-field treatment techniques as well as the specifics of small-field dosimetry. Finally, residents will participate in radiosurgery planning and delivery for UWHealth patients.

Mentor: Zac Labby

Zachariah Labby, PhD

Beam Modeling and Validation (1.5 mo)

On this rotation, residents will learn about the selection, implementation, utilization, and management of Treatment Planning Systems. This includes configuring machines and beam model parameter values, use of physics and planning modules, commissioning, as well as establishing and maintaining quality assurance. Residents will use measured beam data and create their own validated commissioned machine.

Mentor:  Sean Frigo

Sean Frigo headshot

Special Procedures

On the special procedures rotation, residents learn about total-body and total-skin irradiation techniques. These treatment techniques apply a wide range of skills learned during the residency, including detectors, measurements, treatment planning, and quality assurance. The resident learns the fundamentals of commonly employed approaches to these treatments and participates in clinical patient treatments as possible. The resident will also independently validate an aspect the current clinical program (as determined with the mentor) to gain experience with commissioning and maintaining these complex treatment programs.

Mentors:  Abby Besemer


Abigail Besemer portrait

Shielding (1 mo)

Radiation shielding evaluation is a fundamental component of the scope of practice of clinical medical physicists. This rotation explores the latest methods for performing shielding calculations and places an emphasis on practicing these methods through a series of common radiation therapy shielding scenarios. Other facility design goals, including room layout, construction cost management, electrical/HVAC considerations, and radiation surveys will also be discussed.

Mentor:  Jennie Crosby

Jennie Crosby image

Commissioning (2 mo)

During the commissioning rotation, residents will learn about process of installing a new linear accelerator, including selection and performance specification, acceptance testing, and commissioning. The resident will participate in beam data acquisition measurements for a new linear accelerator. Residents will also learn about the methods used for commissioning other radiotherapy devices and will be responsible for a commissioning project of their own.

Mentors:  TBD

MRI in Radiation Oncology (1 mo)

On the MRI in Radiation Therapy rotation, residents will learn about the characteristics of both MRI-guided radiation therapy (MRgRT) delivered via a low-field MR-linac and MRI simulation (i.e., imaging of patients in the treatment position). Major competencies will include MRI safety, quality assurance (QA), and evaluating the impact of the magnetic field on both dosimetry and image quality parameters. Imaging sequences, artifacts, and use cases will be highlighted. Residents will actively participate in the machine and patient-specific QA processes and become acquainted with MR-guided adaptive radiation therapy, including MR-only treatment planning. Specific staffing and equipment needs in these hybrid environments will be demonstrated. Overall, this rotation features state of the art equipment for cancer care and builds upon the unique strengths in MRI and MRgRT at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Mentor: Carri Glide-Hurst


Elective (1 mo)

Residents will work with the program director to create a tailored elective rotation plan based on their interests. In the past, some residents have used this rotation to provide full clinical physics support where they are assigned physicist of the day (POD), physics initial chart check (PIC), brachytherapy, and/or radiosurgery coverage duties and as an independent medical physicist. Some residents have also used this time to have dedicated time to work on a clinical development or research project. Some have also done a mix of clinical coverage and research during their elective. Recently, one resident had the unique opportunity to participate in a short away rotation at another institution to observe a GammaKnife source exchange. We hope to continue to explore the possibility of providing residents with cross-institutional training opportunities in the future.

Mentor: Abby Besemer

Abigail Besemer portrait

Resident Paid Time Off (PTO) days are taken in to consideration in the above schedule of rotations so that PTO will not shorten the length of the rotation.

Integrated Clinical Activities

Physics residents have the opportunity to contribute to clinical services in a variety of areas after residents have demonstrated competency. Examples include:

  • Quasi-independent clinical coverage
  • Shadowing clinical physicists on a rotating basis
  • Unique patient consultations
  • Acquisition and processing of patient 4DCT and Respiratory-Gated Simulation Data
  • Weekly patient chart review
  • External Beam clinical patient planning
  • Brachytherapy clinical patient planning
  • Monthly Quality Assurance of Linear Accelerators
  • Independent measurement of IMRT Delivery QA plans
  • Preparing and managing the display of patient data for departmental Chart Rounds
  • Brachytherapy HDR Remote Afterloader Daily QA
  • Various clinical projects, including device and procedure commissioning measurements

Cross-Institutional Training

One exciting and unique aspect of our program is that residents have the opportunity to interact with residents at other institutions through various cross-institutional initiatives. These programs are a great way for residents to connect with others in the field and learn about different technologies, workflows, and cultures outside of their own institution. For example, our program participates in the following programs:

  • Multi-Institutional Career Development Program: Residents meet monthly with residents from several other programs to learn about topics related to networking, applying for jobs, interviewing, career development, etc. The meetings feature discussions with expert faculty physicists from all across the country and interactive workshops where residents can participate in mock interviews and get immediate feedback on CVs and cover letters.
  • AAPM Multi-institutional Journal Club: Residents meet approximately every other month with residents from several other programs to present and discuss journal articles of their choosing. The informal discussions with other residents are a great way to learn about how practices vary across different institutions.
  • Resident Away Rotation: Last year we were able have one of our residents participate in a 1 week away rotation at the University of Colorado where they participated in GammaKnife a source exchange. Our efforts creating the framework for a resident away rotation were presented in the “Arthur Boyer Award for Innovation in Medical Physics Education” session at the 2023 AAPM meeting. We are hopeful that we can offer the opportunity for more away rotations in the future, if funding allows.

Resident Assessment

After each rotation, residents will be given an oral exam with two components: “quick response” questions, where each question is limited in scope and the answer must be provided in a timed manner (usually five minutes) and “free-form” questions that are designed to probe the depth of the resident’s knowledge in a given area.

The “quick response” questions are designed to encourage the resident to smoothly and efficiently demonstrate an understanding of the examined topic without getting lost in excessive detail and to prepare the resident for similar question formats found on certification exams.

The “quick response” and “free-form” questions are scored separately, and the resident must pass both portions of the exam before advancing to the next rotation.

Program Oversight

The Radiation Oncology Physics Residency Program is directed by the program director and associate director and is overseen by the Residency Program Oversight Committee. The oversight committee reviews the program at least annually and makes recommendations for improvements to the directors. Through this leadership, our program conscientiously and actively seeks opportunities to make our training program one of the best programs available in clinical radiation oncology physics.

Compensation and Benefits

Medical physics residents receive benefits commensurate with medical residents. These include:

  • 2023-2024 salary: $64,083 (PGY-1) and $66,746 (PGY-2)
  • $2500 per year conference travel fund. Any unused funds can be used to purchase education materials, pay dues, etc
  • Comprehensive health coverage, dental, vision, and various forms of life insurance
  • PTO:
    • 13 vacation days per year
    • 12 sick days per year
    • 9 holidays per year (become floating if holiday is on the weekend)
    • 8 conference days
    • 5 comp days following Anual QAs
  • Residents can request to work from home on days that they do not have any clinical duties or onsite rotation activities
  • Laptops with built in webcam, capable of full remote access while working offsite
  • Lab coats, scrubs, and pagers provided by the University at the beginning of residency. Laundering is provided free of charge.